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The museums of Montreal

Montreal's top cultural attractions

by Richard Burnett

There is plenty to see and do at Montreal’s family-friendly and treasure-filled museums.

Pointe-à-Callière, Montreal Archaeology and History Complex

Pointe-à-Callière is the largest archaeology museum in Canada, built on the very site where Montreal was founded in 1642. In addition to permanent exhibitions – such as Where Montreal Began and Pirates or Privateers? – the museum presents its multimedia Generations MTL show about the city’s storied history. Pointe-à-Callière also regularly presents travelling blockbuster exhibitions and is home is to a gift shop and L’Arrivage Bistro.

Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal

Founded in 1964, “the MAC” or “le MAC” (as the Musée d’art contemporain de Montréal is affectionately called by locals) has become one of the world’s great contemporary art museums. The museum presents temporary exhibitions devoted to Canadian and international artists. The MAC also presents special events, including its popular Nocturne evenings featuring DJs and cocktails.

Canadian Centre for Architecture

The Canadian Centre for Architecture is not just an architectural jewel in the heart of downtown Montreal, but a world-renowned museum of architecture and international research institution that believes “architecture is a public concern.” The museum was founded by Montreal philanthropist and architect Phyllis Lambert, and produces exhibitions, publications and a range of activities about how architecture shapes contemporary life.

Space for Life

From exploring our natural world to outer space, children of all ages can discover new worlds at the Space for Life, the largest natural sciences museum complex in Canada, which comprises the 75-hectare Montreal Botanical Garden, state-of-the-art Rio Tinto Alcan Planetarium, the hugely popular Montreal Biodôme (whose name means “House of Life” and is home to more than 4,500 animals from 250 different species), and the Montreal Insectarium, one of the largest insect museums in North America. The Biodôme and the Insectarium are currently closed for major renovations.

The Stewart Museum

The Stewart Museum is housed in Montreal’s biggest military history site: the arsenal of the British military depot located in Parc Jean-Drapeau on Île Sainte-Hélène. Built in the 19th century, the fort is now home to a comprehensive collection of some 27,000 artifacts, archival documents and rare books related to the European history of North America, from the establishment of New France to the present day. The museum also offers a superb view of the city, from the top of its glass tower and from the fort’s inner courtyard.
Musée des Beaux Arts Montréal

Montreal Museum of Fine Arts

Founded in 1860, the Montreal Museum of Fine Arts (MMFA) is one of the top 15 most-visited museums in North America. Located in the historic Golden Square Mile downtown, the museum’s encyclopedic permanent collection contains some 43,000 works – from European Masters to the MMFA’s dazzling Napoleon collection – much of it on display in the museum’s five connected pavilions. The MMFA also creates and hosts travelling blockbuster exhibitions. The MMFA complex includes the 460-seat Bourgie Concert Hall, a movie theatre, boutique and bookstore, as well as the Beaux-Arts Restaurant.

Montreal Holocaust Museum

The History of the Holocaust Told by Survivors permanent exhibition at the Montreal Holocaust Museum features artifacts donated by Holocaust survivors living in Montreal, home to the third-largest Holocaust survivor population in the world. The mission of the Montreal Holocaust Museum is to educate people of all ages and backgrounds about the Holocaust, while sensitizing the public to the universal perils of antisemitism, racism, hate and indifference. Located in the West End, the museum also presents seasonal events and exhibitions.

Montreal Science Centre

Open seven days a week, the Montreal Science Centre in the Old Port is a family-oriented museum that, via temporary and permanent interactive exhibitions, explores how science and technology shape our lives. There is a giant IMAX® TELUS Theatre with a massive 36,000-watt sound system, as well as a gift shop and food court. Wheelchairs are also available for free at the box office.

Phi Centre and Fondation Phi pour l’art contemporain

The multi-media, LEED-certified eco-friendly Phi Centre in Old Montreal, and the neighbouring Fondation Phi pour l’art contemporain, were founded by visionary Montreal patron of the arts Phoebe Greenberg. The Phi Centre includes an art gallery, cinema, theatre, performance space and production facilities, and presents exhibitions and shows year-round, while the Fondation Phi pour l’art contemporain is a private museum with no permanent collection and presents a couple of exhibitions per year.

The Château Ramezay – Historic Site and Museum of Montreal

Originally built in 1705 by Montreal’s then-governor Claude de Ramezay as his personal residence, the Château Ramezay is the oldest private historical museum in Quebec. Permanent and seasonal exhibitions attest to the far-reaching history of Montreal, but none so much as the Château Ramezay itself, which served as the Canadian headquarters of the American Revolutionary Army in 1775 and 1776, and where Benjamin Franklin stayed when he tried to persuade Montreal to join the revolution. In summertime, the Governor’s Garden, located behind the building, evokes the gardens of New France, and comes alive with the Anciennes Troupes Militaires de Montréal parading in period military uniforms.
McCord Museum

McCord Museum

The McCord is a social history museum that celebrates the history, people and communities of Montréal. Comprising one of the largest historical collections in North America, its 1.5 million artefacts include a great photography collection anchored by The Notman Photographic Archives. The McCord presents exciting exhibitions, educational programming and cultural activities year-round, including a summer day camp, music concerts and blockbuster travelling exhibitions. Their hugely popular After Hours at the McCord evenings for young professionals combine cocktails with culture.

Redpath Museum, McGill University

Opened in 1882, the retro Redpath Museum of natural history at McGill University is an architectural jewel that looks like it came straight out of an Indiana Jones movie. Its permanent collection contains some three million objects, including Ancient Egyptian mummies, the cast of the Rosetta Stone, a Charles Darwin exhibition, a spectacular minke whale skeleton in its Creatures From the Deep exhibition, as well as its jaw-dropping Gorgosaurus dinosaur in the centre of the museum’s Beaux Arts main gallery.


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This post was written by Canadian freelance writer, editor, journalist, blogger and columnist Richard “Bugs” Burnett , a contributor for Tourisme Montreal. For more exclusive Montreal content, visit their website.